Background such as the colonial as well as post-world war ii history, social and political context, international economic issues and much more are all perspectives needed to help people in the western nations and elsewhere to really begin to understand the present situations and issues in appropriate context. Key words: natural resources, conflicts, politics, community, mining, biodiversity, trust and integrity introduction the issue of natural resource governance is ridden with complexities. Natural resource management refers to the management of natural resources such as land, water, soil, plants and animals, with a particular focus on how management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations (stewardship. Development, natural resources and conflict in myanmar 13 june 2013 authors: anders engvall, sse and soe nandar linn, mdri-cesd under the transition process led by president u thein sein, the myanmar government is seeking to simultaneously pursue complex economic and political reforms as well as resolve ethnic conflicts and achieve national reconciliation.
The extraction of natural resources has intensified and expanded since the 1990s, gaining greater significance as a disputed field of social and political tensions since the turn of the century while some actors compete over access to and control of natural resources, others emphasize the urgency to reverse the exponential expansion of. Natural disasters such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, hurricanes, can often come at the least expected time typically the poor are the worst hit for they have the least resources to cope and rebuild. This book examines the possibilities and limitations of corporate social responsibility in minimising the violent conflict often associated with natural resource exploitation through detailed and penetrating empirical analysis, the author skilfully asks why previous corporate social responsibility. Natural resources and social conflict: towards critical environmental security (international political economy series) - kindle edition by m schnurr, l swatuk download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets.
The root causes for conflict in africa are identified as social, political and economic inequality state collapse economic decline a historical pattern of conflict and battles for control of natural resources. Increasingly, social capital, defined as shared norms, trust, and the horizontal and vertical social networks that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutually beneficial collective action, is seen as an important asset upon which people rely to manage natural resources and resolve conflicts. Oil and natural gas are the world's most valuable traded resources and probably the most conflict-prone this section illustrates how the world's great companies in the sector, like exxon, shell, total, and lukoil, roam the planet in search of new reserves, often generating wars and civil conflicts as they vie (with help from their governments) for control of the hugely profitable fields. Values and the complex ways in which natural resources are linked to social identity in conflicts may ignore important criteria for successful peacebuilding and resource management.
Conflict financing through the exploitation of natural resources8 valuable natural resources like diamonds, gold, oil, timber, and even drug crops and medicinal plants, have been found to be. 4 by the media, is the role natural resources can play in resolving and managing conflict and in preventing the reoccurrence of violence in the post-conflict environment. „h natural resource conflicts have always been with us, due in part to the multiple and competing demands on resources „h conflicts can arise if user groups are excluded from participating in natural resource management „h they also occur if there are. The relationship between natural resources and conflict is well documented, except for wildlife we discuss the role that wildlife can play in national and international security interests, including wildlife's role in financing the activities of belligerent groups and catalyzing social conflict. Jeffrey colgan, assistant professor at american university's school of international service, talks about how states' development of natural resources impacts their foreign policy, human security.
Sudan all about natural resources conflicts 2011-03-23 debaye tadesse, senior researcher, african conflict prevention programme, iss addis ababa office. The increasing use of stakeholder analysis in natural resource management reflects a growing recognition that stakeholders can and should influence environmental decision making stakeholder analysis can be used to avoid inflaming conflicts, ensure that the marginalization of certain groups is not. Natural resources plays in sustaining armed conflicts conflict diamonds and timber in liberia the civil war in liberia, during which over a quarter of a million. Natural resource conflicts take many forms, and they are particularly complicated by scope and scale natural resource conflicts often involve multifaceted issues, a wide array of stakeholders, multiple political jurisdictions and social contexts, and complex scientific questions. Since 1990 at least eighteen violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources in fact, recent research suggests that over the last sixty years at least forty per cent of all intrastate conflicts have a link to natural resources.
The cost of conflicts in terms of human and property loss, and the damage done to social infrastructure are enormous (wanyande, 1997), for instance, between 1998 and 2002, democratic republic of congo conflict and poverty in africa: the effect of natural resource and leadership page 5 recorded over four million deaths from the civil war (report. The resources ranging from farmland and forests to the oil reserves, mineral deposits and its waters have been the subject of endless research, fierce debates, brutal conflicts, novels, and movies. Toward social conflict in poor countries as a consequence of trends toward renewable resource shortages, increased population movements, and thus greater competition over renewable natural resources. Program overview nrep applies a multidisciplinary social science lens to natural resources and energy issues, teaching a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, with a strong focus on original research, critical thinking, and written and oral communication.
Natural resource management in transition settings 3 summary conflict stems from and is fuelled by a variety of factors among these, natural resource related issues figure. Conflict resources are natural resources whose systematic exploitation and trade in a context of conflict contribute to, benefit from or result in the commission of serious violations of human rights, violations of international humanitarian law or violations amounting to crimes under international law.