-the spoils system was a major issue where unqualified people came to power -railroad regulation began in 1869 cleveland lost the 1888 presidential election to benjamin harrison. The spoils system expands during the gilded age by 1877, he controlled 95% of the us oil refineries and had a virtual monopoly on the entire world petroleum. The spoils system versus the merit system when a political party comes to power, its leaders tend to place many of their faithful followers into important public offices the use of public offices as rewards for political party work is known as the spoils system.
Us civil service reform was a major issue in the late 19th century at the national level, and in the early 20th century at the state level proponents denounced the distribution of government offices—the spoils—by the winners of elections to their supporters as corrupt and inefficient. Foulke, william dudley, prohibition under the spoils system, in prohibition modification of the volstead law, ed beman, lamar t ( new york , 1923 ), 120 members of congress argued that placing these agents under the civil service would unnecessarily eliminate experienced internal revenue officers. Under the spoils system (patronage), candidates for political during the gilded age, the republicans and democrats had • compromise of 1877 withdraws.
A bill passed in 1890 that was one of the highest tariffs in us history, increasing the tax on foreign goods to approximately 50 percent the tariff was highly unpopular among farmers in the midwest and south, who over the next few years voted out many republicans who had supported the bill, including president benjamin harrison. Reform of this system became an urgent issue after president garfield was killed in 1881 advocates of civil reform blamed his assassination on the poisonous atmosphere of the spoils system that left many disappointed in the scramble for government jobs. The serious issues of monetary and agrarian reform, labor, race, and economic fairness were largely swept under the rug by the political system, until revolting farmers and a major economic depression beginning in 1893. The spoils system was an important element of the emerging 2 party order, cementing as it did loyalty to party over competing claims based on economic class or geographic region this showed how to pick a party and stay loyal to it.
In 1890s, tammany milked the spoils system to feed itself power, but that was not all, it also provided a huge social need for a great deal of the oppressed 'politics are impossible without the spoils,' croker answered. Andrew jackson and the spoils system the spoils system, a derogatory term for rotation in administrative office,  was brought to the united states by president andrew jackson. Vincent p de santis, republicans face the southern question: the new departure years, 1877-1897 (baltimore, 1959), is an excellent account of the republican attempts to find a substitute for their failed reconstruction program.
Stalwart republicans opposed the civil service reform measures advocated by the hayes administration instead, the group favored a patronage system - known as as a spoils system - that awarded political supporters with jobs in the federal government. The years between the end of the civil war and the turn-of-the-century saw huge changes in economic and social conditions, which required political attention the realignment of politics in the decade before the civil war and the political requirements of reconstruction, however, left the parties and congress preoccupied with issues that had. Describe the measures taken by presidents hayes, garfield, and arthur to reform the spoils system 4 explain the positions taken by presidents cleveland, harrison, and mckinley on the tariff issue. How did the spoils system lead to govt corruption and eventually government reform it made it to where you had to actually be qualified to do the job not just anyone could do it why did the republicans and democrats differ in their view of the tariff issue.
Ch 19 from crisis to empire (1800's-early 1890's) 9/16/13 the gilded age - term comes from the title of a novel by mark twain novel about political corruption and greed - traits common during post-war years. The spoils system was criticized for decades, but what ultimately led to reforming it was a shockingly violent act in the summer of 1881, the shooting of president james garfield by a disappointed and deranged office-seeker garfield died on september 19, 1881, 11 weeks after being shot by charles guiteau at a washington, dc train station. Stalemate in washington main idea from 1877 to 1896, the republicans and traditionally, under the spoils system, 1890 sherman antitrust act. The rambunctious world of gilded age politics, with its boisterous partisan rallies and three-hour long declamations on the finer points of tariff schedules and monetary policy, passed from the scene of american politics rather abruptly about a century ago.